Entries by Farm Grid

Preventing Fish Diseases

Preventing Fish Diseases Fish diseases caused by parasites, bacteria or viruses can be spread from pond to pond or from farm to farm by the transfer of infected fish and by animals, people, equipment and contaminated water. A diseased fish can be recognized by its listless behaviour or by spots on its skin. Diseases can […]

Mastitis in gilts and sows

mastitis in gilts and sows Mastitis is the inflammation of the mammary glands. It is one of the major causes of failure to lactate and sow not letting its piglets suckle . It is a common condition that occurs sporadically in individual sows or sometimes as herd outbreaks. Mastitis in sows is caused by ascending […]

Diarrhea in sheep and goats

Scours in sheep and goats There are many conditions that cause diarrhoea. These include colibacillosis, paratyphoid, Johne’s disease, Rift Valley fever, coccidiosis, worms and poisonous plants. Coccidiosis This usually affects younger animals. The disease is most severe in lambs/kids 2-8weeks of age. Predisposing factors Overcrowding Sudden change of feed Keeping animals on wet and dirty […]

Vitamin deficiency in poultry

Deficiency Diseases in poultry Different elements and compounds are required for the normal growth and development of poultry. If one or more of them are not present in the diet in adequate quantity, the normal functioning of the body will be impaired. Vitamin A deficiency Rate of growth falls below normal droopiness, a staggering gait […]

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Transmissible gastroenteritis Transmissible gastroenteritis is a highly infectious disease in pigs, and is caused by a coronavirus. It is a common viral disease of the small intestine that causes vomiting and profuse diarrhea in pigs of all ages. Once the virus enters the host, it disrupts the lining of the small intestine. The infected swine […]

Hardware Disease In Cattle

Hardware disease in cattle This is also called traumatic reticuloperitonitis It is caused by the ingestion of a sharp, metallic object such as nails and wires. The metal objects settle in the reticulum and can penetrate the wall of the reticulum. Cattle are normally prone to swallowing metal objects because of their feeding habit. Farms […]

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a very important infectious disease of cattle in tropical Africa. This disease can result to mortality reaching 80% in a naive herd. Many cattle that survive will eventually become carriers. Uninfected herd may get the infection from the carriers. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides […]

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia This is a very contagious bacterial disease of goats caused by Mycoplasma species with very high mortality rates, causing an interstitial fibrinous pleuropneumonia in infected goats. Mortality rate can be as high as 80% in a naive flock. Overcrowding increases disease incidence as it is spread through aerosol when animals are in […]

Fowl pox

Fowl pox Fowl pox is a contagious viral disease of various bird species including chicken, turkey etc, that causes skin lesions around the comb, wattle, ear lobes, and eyes. There is also the wet form associated with lesions in the oral cavity and the upper respiratory tract, especially the larynx and trachea. Fowlpox lesions, when […]