Entries by Farm Grid


Listeriosis in pigs This is a relatively rare disease but can be found worldwide. The article is written for information purposes. Listeriosis is a systemic bacterial disease that can cause septicemia in piglets and reproductive problems in sows. Causative organism is a bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The bacterium is commonly found in the intestine of pigs. […]

Foot rot in sheep

Foot rot in sheep foot rot is an infectious, contagious disease of sheep that causes severe lameness and economic loss from decreased flock productivity. It is caused by the bacteria, Dichelobacter nodosus (Bacteriodes nodosus). Before that, other bacteria may have played some role. The organism can only live in the soil or environment for no […]

Fowl Cholera

This is a highly contagious bacterial disease of chickens, turkeys, and water fowl. Fowl cholera is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida. Turkeys are more susceptible than chickens and older chickens are more susceptible than younger chicks. Mortality from the disease can reach 100% causing septicaemia and possible localised infection. The organism can be spread […]

Salmonellosis in rabbits

Salmonellosis in Rabbits Rabbit production has become increasingly popular among African farmers. Rabbit is reared for the meat, the fur and for pet purposes. Rabbit droppings and urine are among the best manure for most crop production. It is therefore essential that a rabbit farmer gets himself acquainted with knowledge of some diseases that may […]

Contagious Agalactia in sheep and goats

Contagious Agalactia in sheep and goats This is caused by Mycoplasma , M. agalactiae, M. capricolum subsp. capricolum, M. mycoides subsp. capri and M. putrefaciens. Mycoplasma is responsible for a lot of problems in sheep and goats including abortions, pneumonia, arthritis ,mastitis etc. Septicemia and pneumonia also occur during some outbreaks, most often in nursing […]

Fin Rot

Bacterial disease of fish Bacterial diseases are responsible for heavy mortality in both wild and cultured fish. Water, especially where organic loads are high, is an environment in which many bacteria could thrive. In many fish diseases, bacteria have been found to be associated with the host, generally as secondary invaders and sometimes as primary […]

Fascioliasis in man

Fascioliasis in man : zoonosis It belongs to the group of foodborne trematode infections and is a zoonosis, meaning an animal infection that may be transmitted to humans. The two species of trematodes that cause fascioliasis include Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantic, leaf-shaped worms, large enough to be visible to the naked eye. Fasciola affects […]

Rabies : steps towards eradication

RABIES The things you must know Rabies is an infectious viral disease that is almost always fatal following the onset of clinical symptoms. In up to 99% of cases, domestic dogs are responsible for rabies virus transmission to humans. Yet, rabies can affect both domestic and wild animals such as foxes, bats and raccoons . […]

Hernias in Pigs

A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a defect or natural opening in the covering skin or muscle. Hernias often cause welfare problems as well as economic loss. Of many congenital abnormalities, ruptures at the umbilicus or the inguinal canal are most common. They are considered to be developmental defects […]

Abortion In Pigs

Introduction Abortion means the premature expulsion of dead or non-viable foetus, leading to foetal loss There is often alarm when an abortion is seen but it should be remembered that there can be loss of embryos at any time during early pregnancy, which often go unseen. Embryo loss or abortion can be considered in three […]